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Amnesty International Says 13 Myanmar Officials Guilty of Crimes against Humanity
Amnesty International says it has credible evidence implicating 13 Myanmar officials, including a top military commander, with crimes against humanity for their roles in the campaign against Rohingya Muslims that began in August.
Commander-in-Chief of the Defense Services Senior General Min Aung Hlaing and eight other senior officers, as well as a junior officer and three Border Guard Police officers are cited in Amnesty's nearly 200-page report.
More than 700,000 Rohingya have fled Myanmar's northern Rakhine state since August 25, after attacks by Rohingya militants against state security forces led to military reprisals. The United Nations says the military retaliated in a well-organized, systematic and coordinated manner which is a "textbook example" of ethnic cleansing.
Fleeing Rohingya have told harrowing accounts of the military burning their villages in northern Rakhine state, rape, killings, looting and the laying of landmines to prevent them returning to their homes.
Amnesty researchers conducted more than 400 interviews, including with Rohingya in central Rakhine state and in refugee camps in Bangladesh. They also collected victim and eyewitness testimony and analyzed satellite images and confidential documents.
The researchers also detail abuses by Rohingya militants of the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army or ARSA. The list includes at least two dozen targeted killings of Rohingya alleged to have been government informants, as well as deadly attacks on Hindu communities.
VOA's attempts to reach the Myanmar U.N. ambassador for comment on the report were unsuccessful.
Amnesty said a letter it sent to Myanmar's de facto head of state, Aung San Suu Kyi, was received in Napitaw on June 13, but there has not yet been any reply.